Writing Rules

The rules to be followed during the preparation of the article are as follows:
1. The publication languages ​​of the journal are Turkish and English.
2. The studies submitted to the journal for publication should not be published in any other journal, accepted for publication or in the process of being evaluated for publication.
3. Papers presented at scientific meetings and whose abstracts are published are taken into consideration, provided that the name, date and place of the meeting are stated.
4. In the works sent for publication, quotations, tables, pictures, etc. If available, the article author must obtain written permission from the copyright holder and authors and state this in the article. Legal responsibility in this matter belongs to the authors.
5. When the submission process of the manuscript is started, the required documents must be uploaded from the mandatory forms tab.
6. Turkish articles should be based on the Turkish dictionary of Turkish Language Association (http://www.tdk.org.tr).
7. The principle of compliance with the Principles of the Declaration of Helsinki is sought for experimental and clinical studies, drug studies and some case reports. In such studies, the authors should state that they conducted the study in accordance with these principles in the MATERIALS AND METHODS section of the article, and that they received "informed consent" from the ethics committees of their institutions and the people who participated in the study. This statement should be in the form of "Ethics committee approval has been received from …….date and …… number of ethics committee" in the relevant section.
8. In case reports, it is necessary to include information that the informed consent/consent form was signed in the article.
9. At the end of the article; "Researchers' Contribution Statement", if any, "Support and Acknowledgment Statement", "Conflict Statement" should be included.
10. The submitted article should be passed through the plagiarism program (Turnitin/iThenticate) and the plagiarism file should be uploaded to the system.
11. “Title Page/Cover Letter” should be prepared separately from the article and uploaded to the system. Author names and contact information should be on the title page only.
12. In order to protect blind refereeing, the information about the authors, ethical committees and their institutions should not be included in the main text of the article. These phrases should be written as XXXX in the MATERIALS AND METHODS section and other sections. After the peer-review process is completed and accepted for publication, the values ​​with "XXXXX" should be clearly stated in the author's corrections.

Manuscripts to be sent to the journal for publication should be prepared in the following order.

For English Article:
English and Turkish title
English abstract (ABSTRACT) and keywords,
Turkish abstract (ABSTRACT) and keywords,
It consists of REFERENCES sections.

Manuscripts should be prepared as Microsoft Word ® documents.

Page layout;

It should be prepared in Times New Roman font style, black color, single line spacing with 2.5 cm margins on all sides. A separate title page should be prepared from the article and uploaded to the system by specifying it as a title page. On the title page, full names, surnames, academic titles, correspondence addresses and e-mail addresses of the authors should be written under the article title. (Due to the practice of blind refereeing, the names of institutions and organizations or information that will reveal the identity of the authors or the institutions they work in should not be included in the article.).

A) Titles:

The Turkish and English title of the article should be written in Times New Roman, 12 points, capital letters and bold.
Section subtitles should be written in Times New Roman, 12 points, bold and capital letters.

B) Abstracts and Keywords:

It is written in two languages, Turkish and English. At the end of the abstracts, at least 3 and at most 5 keywords from both languages ​​should be included. Keywords should be separated from each other with commas (,), each word in abstract and abstract should start with a capital letter and be listed alphabetically. Abstract and Abstract title should be written in large and bold, Times New Roman, 12 font size, single-spaced. The number of words in Turkish and English abstracts should be between 250-350.

C) Main Text:

It should be prepared in Times New Roman font size 11, single line spacing. Decimal numeric values ​​(.) in the text should be used (eg: 0.005). The main text of the article should be arranged under the subtitles of introduction, material and method, findings, discussion and conclusion. In the introduction, the basic information and justifications on which the article is based should be briefly mentioned, and in the last paragraph, the purpose should be stated clearly. If necessary, the Material and Method section should be organized according to sub-headings such as research / patient / subject group, tools, application and statistical evaluation. This section should be written in a way that can be easily understood by someone who did not participate in the study. The results should summarize the findings of the study and the main findings should be supported by tables and figures if necessary. In the discussion section, the findings of the study should be discussed in the context of the results of the relevant domestic and international studies; It should include a discussion of the original findings, not a general review. Abbreviations should be given in parentheses at the first occurrence of the word and that abbreviation should be used throughout the text. For internationally used abbreviations, the source "Scientific style and format: the CBE manual for authors, editors, and publishers" can be consulted. Anatomical terms should be used as they are written in Latin. Terms that are settled in the daily medical language should be written in accordance with the Turkish spelling rules as they are read. Terms written in English or in another foreign language should be specified in quotation marks. The use of foreign words with Turkish equivalents should be avoided. Generic or chemical names of drugs should be used. While writing the main text, the first paragraph should be left justified, and the other paragraphs should start with a 1.25 cm paragraph indent.

D) Thanks:

When the author(s) deems it necessary, they can write a short thank you in a few sentences to those whose contributions to the article are not at the level of authorship, but who they think deserve to be mentioned. Here, the contributions of the persons thanked (such as financial or equipment support, technical assistance) should be clearly stated (for example, 'scientific consultation', 'correction of the draft', 'data collection', 'participation in clinical research').

E) Figures, Pictures, Tables and Graphics:

Figures, pictures, tables and graphics should be where they appear in the text. Pictures/photos must be colourful, contrast and clear enough to see details. Tables should be written in Times New Roman, 10 points and single-spaced. Footnotes at the bottom of the table should be written in Times New Roman, 8 points and single-spaced. It must conform to the APA 6 spelling convention. If the text is accepted, tables, figures, graphics, pictures/photos can be scanned by separate graphic programs in workable formats (as tif, png, jpg or gif file, pixel size is approximately 500x400, 8 cm wide and 300 dpi resolution) in order to obtain clear printing. should be. The abbreviations used should be stated in the explanation below the figures, pictures, tables and graphics.
If a figure, picture, table and graphic that has been printed anywhere before is used, written permission should be obtained and this permission should be stated in the description of the figure, picture, table and graphic. Footnotes at the bottom of the table should be written in Times New Roman, 8 points and single-spaced.
Table titles should be written above the table, figure and graphic titles below the figure and graphic, with the first letters in capital letters and Times New Roman, 10 points (for example, 'Table 1 and Figure 1.'). Tables and figures should be left aligned on the page.

Please see the sample article template.

E) References:

When writing the references, the title should be bold, Times New Roman, 12-point capital letters, and the references in the bibliography should be written in 10-point Times New Roman and single-spaced.

The following rules should be followed when citing references in the TEXT:
In order for the source software to be correct, the information that will provide access to the article should be included completely and accurately. In this respect, it is important for each journal to establish an international standard for reference writing rules and to apply these standards in their articles. It should be selective in the use of resources and resources directly related to the study should be included.
APA.6 references should be used in the representation of the references in the text.
For easy management of the references used in the article, a program like EndNote® or MS Office resource management can be used.


Citation to the author or authors in the text
Single author:
According to Baysal (1982)
(Baysal, 1982)

With two authors:
According to Wegener and Petty (1994) (...)
(Wegener and Petty, 1994)

In texts with three or more authors, only the first author's name should be used, followed by "et al./et al." The expression is used:
Harris et al. (2001) stated (...)
(Harris et al., 2001)

If the author is an organization or government agency, then cited as in the first reference; if it is a well-known institution, the abbreviation is preferred for later usage:
According to the American Psychological Association (2000).
First attribution: (Mothers Against Drunk Driving [MADD], 2000)
Second citation: (MADD, 2000)

When citing more than one work in the same parentheses, they should be listed in alphabetical order and the two works should be separated by semicolons:
(Akar, H. 2010; Çalışkan, 2008; Dinçer and Kolaşin, 2009; Engin-Demir, 2009; Tunç, 2007)

For authors with the same surname, the first letter of the name is also used to avoid confusion:
(E. Johnson, 2001; L. Johnson, 1998)

If two or more works of the same author published in the same year are cited; the letters (a, b, c) are used after the year:
According to the study of Berndt (1981a) (...)


Journals and periodicals:
Basic Format:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C. (Year). Article name. Journal name, vol. No (number no), page/s.

Single author:
Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 7-10.

Two authors:
Wegener, D. T., Petty, R. E. (1994). Mood management across affective states: The hedonic contingency hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 1034-1048.
Articles in volume-only journals:
Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.

In journals where issue and volume are specified:
Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(3), 5-13.

Quader, I. N., Kok, M., Cirak, Z. D. (2020). The effects of substituting Sn for Ni on the thermal and some othercharacteristics of NiTiSn shape memory alloys. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 3(2), 103-104.

Between three and seven authors:
Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., Harlow, T., Bach, J. S. (1993). There's more to self-esteemthan whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and SocialPsychology, 65, 1190-1204.

If more than seven authors; After the names of the first six authors are listed, an ellipsis is added and the name of the last author is added. No more than seven names should be included:
Miller, F. H., Choi, M. J., Angeli, L. L., Harland, A. A., Stamos, J. A., Thomas, S. T., . . . Rubin, L. H. (2009). Website usability for the blind and low-vision user. Technical Communication, 57, 323-335.

Where the organization is the author:
American Psychological Association. (2003).

If two or more works by the same author are used; Sources should be listed in chronological order:
Berndt, T. J. (1981).
Berndt, T. J. (1999).

If an author has two or more works published in the same year, letters like (a, b, c) are used:
Berndt, T. J. (1981a). Age changes and changes over time in prosocial intentions and behavior between friends. Developmental Psychology, 17, 408-416.

Berndt, T. J. (1981b). Effects of friendship on prosocial intentions and behavior. Child Development, 52, 636-643.

The introduction, preface, and afterwords are referenced like a book chapter:
Kumar, R., Hill, D. (2009). Introduction: Neoliberal Capitalism and Educaiton. In D. Hill, R. Kumar (Ed.). Global Neoliberalism and Education and its Consequences (pp. 1-11). New York: Routledge.

Articles in magazines:
Henry, W. A. ​​(1990, April 9). Making the grade in today's schools. Time, 135, 28-31.

Newspaper articles (print):
Schultz, S. (2005, December 28). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. The Country Today, p. 1A, 2A.

Letter to the editor:
Moller, G. (2002, August). Ripples versus rumbles [Letter to the Editor]. Scientific American, 287(2), 12.

Writing the books in the bibliography:
Basic format:
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Study name. Location: Publisher. Cuban, L. (2001). Oversold and underused: computers in the classrooms. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Compilation book:
Duncan, G. J., Brooks-Gunn, J. (Ed.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

compilation book; if the author(s) is known (or if a person's writings are compiled):
Plath, S. (2000). The unabridged journals. K. V. Kukil (Ed.). New York, NY: Anchor.

Laplace, P. S. (1951). A philosophical essay on probabilities. (F. W. Truscott and F. L. Emory, Trans.). New York, NY: Dover. (The original work was published in 1814).

If other editions different from the first edition are used:
Helfer, M.E., Kempe, R.S., & Krugman, R.D. (1997). The battered child (5th ed.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

A chapter or article in a compiled book:
Author, A. A., Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Chapter/article name. A. Editor & B. Editor (Ed.), in book title (page numbers). Place: Publisher.
O'Neil, J. M., Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. B.R. In Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.

Published thesis:
Surname, A. (Year). Thesis name. (PhD thesis). Accessed database name. (Access or Sequence Number)

Government documents:
National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Articles in online periodicals:
Online journal articles with defined DOI:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year of publication). Article name. Journal Name, volume number, page/s. doi:0000000/000000000000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.0000/0000

Brownlie, D. (2007). Toward effective poster presentations: An annotated bibliography. European Journal of Marketing, 41, 1245-1283. doi:10.1108/0309056071082161

Wooldridge, M. B., & Shapka, J. (2012). Playing with technology: Mother-toddler interaction scores lower during play with electronic toys.Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 33(5), 211-218. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2012.05.05

Electronic books:
De Huff, E. W. (n.d.). Taytay's tales: Traditional Pueblo Indian tales. On January 15, 2012,
Retrieved from http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/dehuff/taytay/taytay.html.
Davis, J. (n.d.). Familiar birdsongs of the Northwest. on January 15, 2012
Retrieved from http://www.powells.com/cgi-bin/biblio?inkey=1-9780931686108-0.

References Example:

Akaroglu E, G., Dereli E. (2012). The effect of educational toys developed for pre-school children's visual perception education on children's visual perception, ZfWT - Journal of World of Turks, 4(1), 201-221.

Anderson-McNamee JK., Bailey SJ. (2010). The importance of play in early childhood development, Montana Stat University Extension, 4(10), 1-4.

Bekmezci H., Ozkan H. (2015). The effect of games and toys on children's health: İzmir Dr. Behçet Uz Children's Hospital. Journal, 5(2), 81-87.

Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 7-10.

Brownlie, D. (2007). Toward effective poster presentations: An annotated bibliography. European Journal of Marketing, 41, 1245-1283.

Ginsburg K, R. (2007). The importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent- child bonds: Pediatrics, 119(1), 182-191.

Kenneth, I. A. (2000). A Buddhist response to the nature of human rights. Journal ofBuddhist Ethics, 8. Retrieved January 15, 2012, at http://www.cac.psu.edu/jbe/twocont.html.

Wegener, D. T., Petty, RE. (1994). Mood management across affective states: The hedonic contingency hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 1034-1048.


1. Manuscripts sent to the journal must be written in accordance with the journal's writing rules.
2. The articles sent to the journal are first examined for plagiarism, and if there is a plagiarism rate above 20%, they are returned to the author. Therefore, in order not to cause loss of time and labor, the authors should carefully examine the rules of the journal, pass it through the plagiarism program and upload it to the system.
3. For studies that require an ethics committee decision, an "ethics committee decision document" should be uploaded to the system and should be specified in the "material and method" section of the article.
4. After the article is sent to the journal for publication, none of the authors can be deleted from the list of names without the written consent of all authors, in the same way, no name can be added as an author and the order of authors can not be changed.
5. At least two blind referees are appointed for each article to be reviewed for publication. Manuscripts are evaluated by considering their importance, originality and scientific validity. The articles that pass this review are re-evaluated by the editorial board.
6. The editorial board may make the necessary edits in the manuscripts it accepts for publication, without changing the content of the manuscript. The journal has the authority to make corrections in the articles, to request changes in the format and to make abbreviations within the knowledge of the authors. The relevant articles will not be included in the publication program until the necessary arrangements from the authors are made.
7. Submitted articles are queued for publication with the approval of the Editorial Board. Manuscripts and their attachments (photographs, tables, figures, etc.) that are not accepted for publication are not returned unless otherwise stated.