The Relationship Between Adverse Childhood Experiences and Premenstrual Syndrome in Girl Students
Keywords:Adverse childhood experiences, Gırl students, Premenstrual syndrome
Objective: The research was carried out to examine the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and premenstrual syndrome.
Methods: The research was conducted between November 2022 and June 2023 in a descriptive and relationship seeking type. The research was carried out with 275 female students studying at Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing. Research data was collected with an online survey form created through Google Forms to protect confidentiality. The created survey form was delivered to the students via WhatsApp. Data were obtained using the participant information form, Adverse Childhood Experiences Scale, and Premenstrual Syndrome Scale. Descriptive statistics (number, percentage, mean, standard deviation), t-test, Mann Whitney U test, and Kruskal Wallis H test were used in the evaluation of the data.
Results: The study determined the mean score on the adverse childhood experiences scale as 1.23±1.69. The study determined that as the adverse childhood experiences increased, the age of menarche decreased (β-coefficient=-0.148; p=0.011), the period of menstrual bleeding increased (β-coefficient=0.165; p=0.005) and the status of experiencing premenstrual syndrome (β-coefficient=-0.209; p=0.000) increased.
Conclusion: In the study, it was determined that adverse childhood experiences affect premenstrual syndrome. It is recommended that health professionals should not ignore adverse childhood experiences that are difficult to talk about and express while investigating the presence of premenstrual syndrome scale.
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